• history

    The Cromwellian conquest of Ireland

    About Cromwell Oliver Cromwell was a Huntingdon born English general and statesman. Cromwell was Chancellor of Oxford from 1650-57 and was also appointed Lord Protector of the British Isles from 1653 until 1658. The Cromwellian Conquest The first cannon was introduced to Ireland at the end of the 15th century.   Cromwell was a highly resilient member of parliament from 1640-1642. In the summer of 1649, he was sent to Ireland with two objectives: to place it firmly under English control and to superintend the confiscation the land of all ‘rebels’. In his book, The Cromwellian settlement of Ireland, John Patrick Prendergast summarised what happened next:  “As their object was…

  • history

    The Claddagh Ring – The story behind Ireland’s traditional jewellery piece

    Tradition Traditionally, the Claddagh ring was passed from mother to first daughter and was worn as a symbol of friendship and as a wedding ring. The distinctive design is associated with one of the Tribes of Galway, the Joyce family. The Claddagh Ring dates from the 17th century and originated in the little village of Claddagh in County Galway, Ireland. How the Claddagh ring was worn When it was worn with the heart nearest the finger nail on the right hand, it indicated that the wearer was single and suitors were open to consideration. Placed the same way on the left hand indicated that although the wearer was still single…

  • history

    A short biography: Seán Ó Faoláin

    Seán Ó Faoláin was an Irish short story writer, born in Cork city in 1900. He studied both here in University College Cork (UCC) and also in Harvard. He taught in England before returning to Ireland in 1933. In conjunction with his collection of short stories which Ó Faoláin is noted for, he also wrote biographies on famous Irish figures such as Theobald Wolfe Tone( The autobiography of Wolfe tone published in 1937) and Daniel 0’Connell( A life of Daniel O’Connell published a year later). In 1940, Seán Ó Faoláin founded The Bell, a monthly magazine featuring literature and social commentary. Peadar O’Donnell took over editorship six years after it…